Characteristic Celiac Disease Symptoms occur secondary to intestinal lesions caused by the ingestion of gluten. They differ from one case to another, from mild symptoms that often go unnoticed severe symptoms and complications that have a negative impact on daily life. Some have intermittent (come and go at a certain time) often manifested by bloating, flatulence, abdominal discomfort, abnormal stools, diarrhea, weight loss despite a normal appetite, due to digestive disorders and absorption; fatigue and weakness, anemia, vomiting; disease frequently leading to osteoporosis, amenorrhea, delayed puberty, impaired memory and concentration, mental disorders default. These nonspecific symptoms which may occur in other disorders, often delaying the diagnosis of celiac disease.
The risk of disease is increased for families with significant family history. 10% of people who have a first-degree relative with celiac disease develops at a time. In genetically susceptible individuals, celiac disease can be triggered by various environmental factors, including viral and bacterial infections.
Diagnosis of celiac disease is often confused with other conditions, such as food intolerance or irritable bowel syndrome due to similar symptoms. Often celiac disease diagnosis is one of exclusion of other disorders with similar symptoms but not responding to treatment. Clinical examination and laboratory tests underlying diagnosis of celiac disease. The diagnosis is confirmed by biopsy of the small intestine, digestive intervention performed during endoscopy (video exploration of the digestive tract). Celiac disease triggers a systemic immune response with excessive occurrence of certain antibodies.
Children with Celiac Disease Symptoms may need dietary supplementation with iron and calcium. With the start of gluten-free diets, symptoms usually disappear after 2-3 weeks and with wound healing intestinal absorption returns to normal.
Treatment and course of the disease – is intended to avoid the total cereal gluten and gluten replacement by the products made from cereals with gluten toxic, plus food additives able to replace the binding properties of the gluten. Food labeling consumer of food trade requires food manufacturers to declare the existence of gluten. Gluten-free products are absolutely necessary for people affected by celiac disease.
Medication is only needed if complications arise severe disease or in children who have persistent symptoms despite gluten free diet. The medication is administered to the relief of symptoms. Some complications, such stature-weight deficit can not be treated using drugs. Rarely, some children with celiac disease and gluten-free diet need treatment with corticosteroid medication to reduce intestinal inflammation and improve intestinal absorption of food nutrients and vitamins.